"Resilience: Causal mechanisms and innovative interventions "
University of Twente - Psychology of Conflict, Risk and Safety
Prof.dr. E. Giebels (UT)
Dr. J. Kertholt (TNO)
1 September 2012 - 1 September 2016
Main goal of the PhD project is to acquire fundamental knowledge of mechanisms underlying self-reliant and resilient behavior and to develop and test effective interventions that stimulate resilient behaviour. It is realized that governments cannot guarantee civilian safety and welfare, and that civilians need to take their own responsibility. In the safety domain, for example, it is recently acknowledged that, despite high standards of professional help, governments will not be able to take care of all victims within a short period of time. A central question that underlies this topic is how civilians can be activated to actually take this responsibility (for themselves and others) and how they can be facilitated in doing so.
Evaluation studies show that many interventions to improve resilience do not result in the desired effect. An important reason seems to be that there is only limited knowledge as to which causal mechanisms underlie resilience, precluding sufficient prediction of intervention effectiveness. Presumably, interventions will have more effects when they are better aligned to the mechanisms that actually underlie actual behavior, such as the way people think and decide.