"Coping strategies of LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) individuals to experienced discrimination and stigma"
University of Amsterdam - Social Psychology
Prof.dr. Agneta Fischer (University of Amsterdam)
Dr. Kai Jonas (University of Amsterdam)
1 September 2013 - 1 September 2017
University of Amsterdam
Although their situation has greatly improved in the recent years, LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender) individuals are still victim of discrimination in Western industrialized countries. This specific type of discrimination has been summarized as “Minority Stress” (Meyer, 1995). There is already a substantial body of research on LGBT coping strategies with minority stress and buffers have been identified, for example community-level coping mechanisms (Meyer, 2003; Ouellette & DiPlacido, 2001). In the individual level, coping strategies have also been identified. LGBT individuals with a strong sexual minority identity have been shown to be better equipped to manage minority stressors, invalidate stereotypes and dismiss or address perceived or actual homophobia while affirming a positive self- evaluation (Herek & Garnets, 2007).One aspect that has not been investigated much is the functionality of positive ingroup stereotypes pertaining to abilities, and on a more general level, an achievement orientation (overperformance) that buffers against stressors. The thesis is divided into three parts. In the first part, LGBT vs. heterosexual performance differences will be tested (creativity, emotion sensitivity and overperformance). In the second part the functional relation to minority stress will be investigated and finally in the third part, self-regulation strategies, such as achievement orientation will be employed to investigate the underlying processes. While parts one and two are using survey techniques, the third part is also employing experimental paradigms.