Project Information

Kurt Lewin Instituut
Heidelberglaan 1
Room Number H1.42
The Netherlands
T: +31 (0)30 - 253 3027

Project Information

Project Title
"Making sense of social exclusion"

Leiden University - Social and Organizational Psychology

PhD Student
Frank Doolaard

Prof.Dr. Eric van Dijk (Leiden University)
Prof.Dr. Ilja van Beest (Tilburg University
Dr. Gert-Jan Lelieveld (Leiden University)
Dr. Marret Noordewier (Leiden University)

1 February 2017 - 31 January 2021

Leiden University


The need to belong is considered to be one of the fundamental needs we have. Social exclusion (also referred to as ostracism) results in a range of negative effects (e.g., lowered self-esteem, lowered sense of control, lower feelings of a meaningful existence). The current project aims to further the understanding of such effects by addressing how people make sense, or understand, settings of exclusion. The focus will be on experimental research. While previous research concentrated on victims of exclusion, the current project also aims to study how perpetrators (actors) and those who observe exclusion perceive the causes and consequences of exclusion. The project also aims to connect to research on interdependence settings that are often used in economic and social psychological research (e.g. settings of bargaining, social dilemmas) that incorporate acts of exclusion, but which have rarely been related to the research on the feeling to belong. As such, the project aims to look at all social rolls relevant to exclusion (i.e., victim-actor-observer interplay) and looks at exclusion in a broader set of situations than research has done so far. As such, we aim to move beyond the more well-known paradigms of social exclusion research (such as the ball-tossing paradigm).

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